Will The Next Picasso Be A Robot The School of Luzu – Free Ebook

So, we have six pieces of art
right here.

Five of them have been
created by a human

and one of them has been
created by a machine.

Which one is the machine-made
piece of art?

We’re gonna take a vote.

The first one, the second one,
the third one, the fourth,

the fifth and the sixth.

No one got it right.

NARRATOR: The School of Life
is sending some of YouTube’s
most popular creators

on a series of field trips

to explore some of
philosophy’s most
intriguing ideas.

This time, it’s Luzu,

a Spanish content creator
who built a global reputation

playing online video games

and now has over
eight million subscribers.

Advances in
artificial intelligence

are blurring the lines
between humans and machines.

And now robots are encroaching
on the last remaining area

that we thought
was uniquely human.

The power to be creative.

I’m Luzu. Or am I?

The one thing that
I keep thinking about is,

as we give these machines
human-like attributes,

what does that mean

when it comes to
our identity as humans?

This is such a big subject,

we need a little guide
before we start.

NARRATOR: A 60-second guide
to identity.

For most of human history,

the difference between humans
and machines was very clear.

A machine was something clever
but simple,

whereas humans were
miraculous creatures of
astonishing potential.

But very recently,
something extraordinary
has happened.

We’ve started to make machines
that equal and outstrip many
of our own capacities.

This has created
a troubling question.

What is left that makes us
distinctively human?

One important answer
is the ability to create.

Machines might be better
at predicting the weather,

or even
beat us at chess,

but surely they’ll never be
able to generate amazing art.

In 1950, Alan Turing,
the founding father
of computer science,

proposed a test.

When a human
can no longer tell

if they are interacting
with a person or a machine,

we will have lost
the one last quality

that distinguishes us
from machines.

So, when we can no longer tell

the difference between art
made by machines

and art made by humans,

what would be left
to mark us out as unique?

Might as soon
be nothing at all

that we can do that
a machine won’t be able
to do just as well?

Or, most frighteningly of all,
much, much better.

Machine learning
is now challenging

our very concept of
what makes humans unique.

We’re comfortable with robots
performing basic skills

that we don’t want to
do ourselves,

but in this video,

Luzu was looking at AIs
that create art

before facing a test,
along with you,

to see if he can
correctly identify art

created by a machine

when it’s up against art
created by humans.

But first, what does life
look like on the AI frontline?

Hi, there. I’m Luzu.
Nice to meet you.

Nice to meet you, too.
How are you?

I’m great.
Thanks for asking.

NARRATOR: This robot
is called NAO.

It looks a bit like a toy,

but, actually,
it’s a WiFi enabled,
autonomous AI

who listens through sensors
and gathers information
from online sources,

teaching itself through
a continuous process
of machine learning.

NAO gives an eerie sense
of how the border

between human and machine
is becoming more porous.

-I need to learn some lines.
-[EXCLAIMS]

-Don’t distract me.
-Oh.

I’m here trying to figure out
what it means to be human.

Do you know anything
about that?

Absolutely. We robots
are evolving quickly

and taking on more and more
of your human characteristics.

We have been able to carry out
straightforward tasks,

but recently we have begun
to educate ourselves.

It’s called machine learning.

Think I’m gonna
want to research

and learn a little bit
more about that.

NARRATOR: We humans think of
ourselves as the undisputed
masters of the universe,

but that confidence
is now being challenged

as advances in
machine learning

close the gap between
what humans and computers
can do.

There is one area
where we feel certain

that we do still retain
a unique distinction.

Only humans have the power
to be creative.

But what if even
that skill

could be performed by
a machine?

Before being tested
on his ability to spot
the art created by an AI,

Luzu’s on his way to UCLA,

where an AI
is teaching itself

to create
an original artwork.

So, this is one
of the projects
I wanted to show you.

The concept is really
to teach a machine

to create a single portrait

from this vast number
of individual portraits.

And then asking it
to generate its own
portrait from that.

LUZU: The machine creates
something original, right?

It’s not just imitating
everything,

it’s creating something
from scratch.

GABBY: So, there’s two parts
of the algorithm,

one of them generates
an image and the other one

criticizing it
and gives a little bit

of feedback and says,
“Actually,

“you need to make it
a little bit smaller,

“or put a bit of red
in this area and try again.”

So, as the process
goes on, it’s getting
better and better.

So, this shows the process
of evolution,

where on the left
we got some of

the early imagery
that’s generated
by the machine

and it starts to become
more and more

kind of recognizable
as one of the portraits
from the set.

But it still has a very
painterly, slightly abstract,

slightly
Impressionistic feel.

But this was just
running for 24 hours.

Makes me think
a little bit of

how a baby learning
what a person is.

The machine is right now
doing the same thing.

The machine learning
processes are so similar

to our own learning processes
and our creative processes.

That you start to see that
kind of invention

and creativity happening.

I think in the same way
that has been happening
within humans.

So, the machine’s kind of
going through that process

at an accelerated rate.

NARRATOR: It’s one thing
for machines to create
original art,

but is it any good?

AI company GumGum
is putting art
made by machines

up against art
made by humans

to see if Luzu
can tell which is which.

We’re deeply interested
in computer vision

and machine learning
and we decided,
why don’t we try

a Turing test?

And see if humans
can figure out

which one’s
artificially generated.

I know that art
is very subjective

and something that
we would attribute
to, like, humans.

There’s a lot of emotion,
there’s expression,

so how does a machine
choose what it’s gonna paint?

I mean, I can flip that
back on you

and say,
“How do you decide?”

-Is it based on data?
-I guess…

Computers are more
than capable of generating art

in any medium.

From all these paintings,

one was created by
a machine?

That’s right, yeah…

Any idea which one
it might be?

So, it could be any
of them, right?

Right. Which one is it?

NARRATOR: While Luzu ponders,

why don’t you have a go?

Can you tell which one
of these paintings

has been done
by an AI?

Do you think it’s one?

Two, three?

Four?

Five?

Or six?

If I had to take a guess,

I don’t know a lot about art
or anything like that,

but I think I would
choose the first one.

Just because,

it looks a little bit more
flat, right?

I don’t know,
it looks like something that

could be made
by a machine.

It’s like the randomness
that a machine would…

Yeah, I imagine
something like that.

-Like zeros and ones.
-Yeah, kind of. [CHUCKLES]

Actually, it’s this one.

LUZU: Okay, I was not
expecting that.

The way that it works
is actually by

taking images
like this

and teaching it how
to generate things
of this nature.

And, eventually, after you
feed it enough data,

you’ll yield something
that looks like this,

that passes a Turing test,

which actually blew my mind.
I was so happy.

The definition of creativity
is to create.

Doesn’t say anything
about being a human
or a monkey or machine.

So, try and answer
the question where
this will end,

these things are just gonna
keep getting bigger,

faster, stronger, better,
and whether the data
comes from us

or maybe they start
learning from each other,

I think
it’s a limitless ceiling.

LUZU: Do you see that as
a possible thing,
we end up being the ones

-learning from?
-Absolutely, and the fact that

you couldn’t discern
is a testament to that.

It validates the question.

NARRATOR: Until recently,
machines from
the oldest cameras

to the most modern
digital scanners

have only been able
to capture impressions
of reality

created by humans.

Now, machines
are doing something
far more interesting.

They’re developing
distinctive artistic
personalities

in the same way as
Van Gogh, Picasso
or Salvador Dali.

Machines can do simple,
repetitive tasks like
frying burgers,

and complex ones
like beating us at chess.

But if it will soon
be making art

good enough to hang
in museums,

we may have to rethink
what claims we can still make

to have any unique
or distinctive qualities.

And decide whether
to feel alarmed by

this threat to our concept
of humanity,

or proud of having built
machines that will soon
be our equals.

Or perhaps even
our betters.

Although they may not
be quite ready

to replace us just yet.

[YELPS]

You were trying
to go too far.

Like, I know I’m not
that flexible, either.

[YELPS]

All right, I got you.
Come on, my man.

-Come up, you got it?
-[WHIRRING]

I think you got it.

Okay?
You’re almost there.

That was amazing.

Can you high five?

Not there yet? Okay.

Thank you, guys,
so much for watching.

If you enjoyed it,
what can they do?

Make sure you subscribe
to the School of Life channel

to see the rest
of the series.

Thank you,
and thank you, guys,
for watching.

[INDISTINCT CONVERSATION]