When it comes to design and decoration, it feels extremely tricky and dangerous to accuse anyone of having bad taste, or to pride oneself on having good taste. The official story is that anything goes and no one knows what is good or bad anyway. But that seems too easy, and lacking in ambition. Progress can in fact be made on this important issue if we try to understand what psychological mechanisms govern the business of taste in the first place. Why do we have the taste that we have? Why are we attracted or repelled by certain sorts of styles? The best way to interpret this is via a theory of compensation. We’re all a bit unbalanced inside, and get attracted to styles in the world that promise to compensate us for the things that we’re lacking within. so for example, people who feel chaotic, undisciplined, and cluttered inside, are liable to be very drawn to interiors that are serene, pure, and poised. Equally, people who are very exposed to and oppressed by the brutal tempo of modern life, with its excessive brutality, precision, and technological war are likely to be drawn to styles that speak of the rustic, the natural, and the cozily shabby. Now that might be an explanation for taste, but what about bad taste? What singles out instances of bad taste is excess in some direction or another. Bad taste is a massive overcompensation, which has been generated by a sharp shortfall in some area or another; it’s a response to a psychological or physical trauma. So for example, the Russians and the Saudis have, over the years, developed a reputation for spectacularly bad, as in gaudy, over-the-top taste, a pumped up version of Versailles in Riyadh or Moscow. This isn’t, in a sense, surprising; a century of extreme deprivation under communism, and an eternity of eking out a living in the barren deserts of Saudi Arabia have created, understandably, desperate desires for compensation, which have evidently, rather, overshot their mark. Or, think of sentimental bad taste, the kind where there are gnomes in the front gardens and gaudy, and sickly sweet trinkets inside. This is a style frequently favored by the less well-off in society people whose woking lives are humiliating back-breaking and the very opposite of welcoming tender. it should be no wonder that these unfortunates might therefore be in the mood for something counterbalancingly sweet at home in every instance of bad taste, we’re looking at the overeager embracing of a good quality like sweetness, freedom, fun or prosperity that was once in a very short supply bad taste often sickens people but once one understands its origins it starts to seem unduly harsh to judge like this we can all understand that if a person is starving, they might eagerly eat things which in less desperate situations they’d obviously reject and that in their desperation their manners might take a back seat it’s not at all pretty but we never blame them because we know why they’re stuffing themselves with such haste We should apply similar tact when confronted with unfortunate taste in design What’s bad in bad taste isn’t the person but the prior trauma which they’re seeking to compensate for, through their déco. There is no point in mocking or offering lectures about art history the problem isn’t a lack of information. It’s a trauma created by a badly broken and unbalanced world the solution to bad taste is therefore, political good taste comes about when people feel appreciated. When there is enough to go around and when there’s an economy which doesn’t routinely humiliate in a base its workers to make good taste more widespread what matters above all are efforts to diminish the desperate lives in which lapses of taste invariably have their origins.